ART 102 Art History II Entire Course-POST
ART 102 Art History II Entire Course-POST
ART 102 Art History II
ART 102 Unit 1 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 1.1 Discussion Forum
Artists are starting to think about the human form and spatial illusions, but the shifts are subtle in this time period. Using one of the images in the presentation, find an example where the artist is creating space in the work, and describe how it is done using vocabulary learned from the content. Don’t be afraid! It sounds daunting, but use the resources to help you understand what to look for, and what the terms are. We will help each other along the way to “see” the innovations of this time period!
ART 102 Unit 1 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 1.2 Discussion Forum
Let’s talk about modern art and its father, Giotto. And let’s be honest, we didn’t really see anything “modern” in the Arena Chapel, did we? Then why on earth is he considered the father of modern art? Let’s start to puzzle this out by discussing what you learned about the Arena Chapel, how the details described were at the time, innovative. Tell me what you see in this work, and ponder how it is connected to modern art (you’ll know for sure by Unit 8).
ART 102 Unit 2 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 2.1 Discussion Forum
Wow! What an overwhelming amount of art coming at us from this magnificent time period! Is your head spinning yet? It should be, because the height of the Renaissance is still considered to be one of the greatest time periods of all for artistic advancement and skill. Most of what was created was intended to provoke an emotional reaction of some kind. Post one image of a piece you’ve seen that you had some kind of emotional reaction to, and share what that was, and why you think it had an effect on you. Utilize Creative Commons search to find an image and don’t forget to cite your source (APA 6th edition). Discuss the various emotions evoked by these pieces with your learning colleagues.
ART 102 Unit 2 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 2.2 Discussion Forum
Choosing artists for public commissions based on competition is very similar to our current job market, where there are often more candidates than jobs available. I know as college students, job hunting is forefront in your mind! Think about how you are working to become a strong candidate in your field to compete in this challenging job market, and compare some of your experiences with what you think these Renaissance artists went through. Based on the artwork, do you think the best candidate got the job? Why or why not? Do you have insight on what this process feels like, and did you learn anything in that process?
ART 102 Unit 3 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 3.1 Discussion Forum
Tintoretto’s Last Supper, when compared to Da Vinci’s Last Supper, has a very different feel to it. Let’s compare and contrast the two paintings, and explore how each painting represents the qualities of the art periods in which they come. We will put our art critiquing skills to work! Discuss how these artists used composition, color, light, realism, and imagination to create two very different interpretations of the same subject matter.
ART 102 Unit 3 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 3.2 Discussion Forum
In the period following the Reformation, artists outside of Italy’s Renaissance influence were creating some pretty interesting paintings. Some subjects are the same, but some are very different. The styles in which these artists paint are unique to themselves, and are starting to look different from the Renaissance standards. Which artist or art piece stuck out to you as being different or new? Did anything surprise you? Let’s explore how the different regions and attitudes from those regions created new intentions for art.
ART 102 Unit 4 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 4.1 Discussion Forum
Thus far, we have seen three different sculptures of David, from the David and Goliath story from the Bible. Let’s look back at Donatello’s and Michelangelo’s versions from earlier units, and compare / contrast them with Bernini’s from the Baroque. Which is your favorite? Why?
ART 102 Unit 4 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 4.2 Discussion Forum
The Baroque in the Netherlands has been called “The Dutch Golden Age”, and can easily be considered one of the most pivotal and influential time for art, that influenced the entire world. What did you see in the work that can be considered pivotal? Compare the Dutch Baroque art with something we have seen before in previous Units.
ART 102 Unit 5 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 5.1 Discussion Forum
How would you have described Romanticism before exploring this week’s content? This term comes with its own perceived definition, but with the images of the art and talk of revolution and war, I bet some things surprised you! After seeing what classifies as art from the Age of Romanticism, what do you think it means now? This is a before and after reflection discussion!
ART 102 Unit 5 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 5.2 Discussion Forum
Let’s talk about landscape paintings! We’ve seen more and more popping up in our image presentations, most of all in this Unit. In order to understand the impact of landscape paintings, we need to explore their purpose: why were they made? Let’s each pick one landscape from our image presentations, or an image with a landscape in the background, from this Unit or from others, and let’s explore how each one can evoke different emotional reactions.
ART 102 Unit 6 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 6.1 Discussion Forum
The art we are beginning to look at here is starting to stray from the classical tradition of re-creating life through realistic details. It is important to take pause and understand that even though the work looks unfinished, it still had merit. Let’s discuss some of the art we’ve seen in this Unit that we like, and what we don’t like. Post an image of something you don’t like, and then try and figure out what the artist was trying to do in what way. Then compare it to an artist or image you do like, and explain why your reaction to that was more positive. Remember to cite your image and utilize the new knowledge you have gained to support your reactions.
ART 102 Unit 6 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 6.2 Discussion Forum
Aside from the style of painting radically changing, the subject matter too is taking on a whole new meaning. These artists were painting modern scenes and they were no longer romanticizing the past. Yet today, so much of the population idealizes these images because now they do romanticize the past! But let’s stop and think about hard it must have been to create beautiful, valid art on everyday scenes. Wherever you are right now, take a look at your surroundings. Have a camera? Take a snapshot. Post it here, and let’s try and figure out how they could qualify as a proper subject matter for a painting!
ART 102 Unit 7 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 7.1 Discussion Forum
I am sure that your head is spinning after looking at of the art from this week! There’s a very important reason why every single image represents a different “ism”, or movement. The artists of the 20th century were focused on pushing the boundaries of art, trying to create a visual image that is so different than anything else, that they end up with very unique styles. The one underlying similarity is this: they are all looking for a visceral, emotional reaction from the viewer. Were they successful? Post one image from one artist that has stuck in your mind from this week, and discuss how it impacted you, and why you think it had that effect on you. There is no wrong answer here! Everyone has a right to a unique point of view, just like the artists!
ART 102 Unit 7 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 7.2 Discussion Forum
Now is a good time to talk about beauty, and whether or not art has to be beautiful. Because let’s face: a lot of it isn’t. It just isn’t. But, the artists knew this! What we need to think about now is content, the message the artist was trying to give us, the viewer. How hard was this for you this week? Was it hard to appear?
ART 102 Unit 8 Discussion 1 Latest-POST
Unit 8.1 Discussion Forum
Let’s take a look at the extensive career of Helen Frankenthaler (1928-2011), who found a way to incorporate all of the innovative techniques artists were experimenting with starting in 1945. Her paintings have elements of action painting, abstract expressionism, color-filed painting, non-objective subject matter. They are also aesthetically pleasing to a large audience. Search for a Frankenthaler painting online, or even an image of her working on a painting, post it and discuss which of these new techniques in art making you see her using. Be sure to cite your resource(s) and properly give credit where credit is due!
ART 102 Unit 8 Discussion 2 Latest-POST
Unit 8.2 Discussion Forum
Now we are getting to a point in art history where we have to talk about art in a different way than before. There’s a lot involved in the process and the intention of the art that isn’t always clearly identified. Let’s talk about that process of trying to figure out what abstract art is all about. After going through this Unit, do you think you could go to a modern art museum and try to understand what’s going on? Do you think you have the tools needed to ask the right questions, look for the right clues, and understand something new?
ART 102 Unit 2 Quiz Latest-POST
Where did the Renaissance originate?
- Padua, Italy
- The Netherlands
- Florence, Italy
- Rome, Italy
Michelangelo believed the truest vehicle of expression was:
- Larger than life sculptures that overwhelm the viewer
- The human form itself
- Innovations of Vitruvian Man
Notable artists of the High Renaissance had personal styles, but followed the same guidelines, which includes:
- Continuing the stylistic traditions of the Middle Ages
- Dynamic compositions, expressive gestures, and somber overtones
- Balanced compositions, emotional power, and technical virtuosity
Images of everyday life is called:
- Motif paintings
- Symbolic paintings
- Religious paintings
- Genre paintings
A societal focus on philosophy, achievements and the natural world is called:
Van Eyck’s Arnolfini Portrait employs what to create meaning?
- Christian motifs
- Symbolic elements
- Humanist philosophies
- Inspiration from Giotto’s Madonna Enthroned
The Mona Lisa is significant to art history because:
- She’s smiling.
- It is the first formal portrait to recognize the sitter’s wealth and station in society.
- It is the first formal portrait executed in a natural style.
Giotto’s Arena Chapel paintings were created using which medium?
- Oil paint
- Tempura paint
When Raphael was creating The School of Athens, he was most inspired by:
- Da Vinci’s Last Supper
- Michelangelo’s Sistine Ceiling paintings
- Donatello’s St. Mark
Titian’s style of painting is different because:
- Titian used dynamic compositions, bright colors, and bold brushstrokes.
- Titian used linear perspective, monochromatic colors, and experimental fresco techniques.
- Titian used balanced compositions, subdued colors, and thin layers of sheer paint.
Early Renaissance artists earned their commissions by:
New invention from the Netherlands that revolutionized painting was:
- Tempura paint
- Acrylic Paint
- Oil paint
Giotto and Cimabue found ways to incorporate space in their paintings. How did they do that?
- By layering the figures and using shading to create form.
- By gilding the surface to create an ethereal quality.
- By carving the images from stone to recreate a three-dimensional scene.
Donatello’s David sculpture may be the first:
- Commission for a wealthy merchant family
- Bronze commission that survived military repurpose
- Free-standing, nude sculpture created since antiquity
Linear Perspective was first discovered and created by:
- Bernini and his Baptistry door commission
- Da Vinci and his Last Supper painting
- Brunelleschi and his study of ancient architecture
Da Vinci’s Last Supper was revolutionary at the time because he:
- Created a Christian image using traditional symbolic elements, based on the innovations of Van Eyck.
- Relied on Giotto’s innovations from the Arena Chapel.
- Used observations of nature, created drama with the moment depicted, and abandoned symbolic Christian elements.
Creating space in a painting by using light blue hues for elements in the distance is called:
- Linear perspective
- Horizon line
- Atmospheric perspective
Michelangelo’s Sistine Ceiling Paintings are best described as:
- Delicate, timid human forms idolizing the Papal State of the Vatican.
- Complex compositions of human forms dramatizing the Old Testament
- Historic replicas of religious imagery from the Netherlands.
Michelangelo’s David is different than Donatello’s because:
- Da Vinci’s David is battling Goliath
- Michelangelo’s David is waiting for the battle with Goliath
- Michelangelo’s David is victorious after the battle with Goliath
David’s relaxed, ready for action free-standing stance is called:
- Idealized Youth
ART 102 Unit 4 Quiz Latest-POST
Bruegel’s work is significant because:
- He revolutionized landscape painting by using atmospheric perspective.
- He followed the traditions of the High Renaissance masters from Italy.
- He elevated the common peasant’s traditions as a worthwhile subject for art.
Rembrandt’s the Night Watch was controversial because:
- He chose not to portray all the watchmen with equal importance, because he wanted a more dynamic composition.
- He chose to portray the Watchmen in ancient styles of dress.
- He chose to portray a band of watchmen that were acting against the law.
Bernini is best known for his work as a:
- Printmaker and Architect.
- Painter and Sculptor.
- Sculptor and Architect
Tintoretto was mostly inspired by the Renaissance artist:
- Da Vinci
The style of Netherlands Baroque painter Rubens is influenced by:
- The drama of Mannerism as achieved by Tintoretto, and the dramatic compositions as achieved by Velazquez.
- The balanced compositions of Michelangelo, and the dramatic lighting of Caravaggio.
- The emotional angst of El Greco, and the landscape innovations of Bruegel.
Mannerism’s differences from the High and Late Renaissance can be described as:
- Inspiration from the Renaissance in terms of observation of nature, with subject matter inspired by the secular paintings of the Netherlands.
- Inspiration from the Renaissance in terms of technique and beauty, with asymmetrical compositions and heightened drama.
- Inspiration from the Renaissance in terms of balance and order, with gestural brushstrokes and subdued colors.
Hals Married Couple in a Garden is different than Van Eyck’s Arnolfini portrait because:
- Hals’ portrait is relaxed, outdoors and natural. Van Eyck’s is rigid, formal, and indoors.
- Hals portrait is a married couple, whereas the status of Van Eyck’s subject is debatable
- Hals portrait follows the earlier style characteristics of the Early Renaissance and da Vinci, and Van Eyck was influenced by Bosch.
Velazquez’s The Maids of Honor shows his influences from:
- Van Eyck’s different vantage points and Caravaggio’s lighting.
- Michelangelo’s perfection of the human form and da Vinci’s balanced composition.
- Van Eyck’s rich colors and Bernini’s dramatic expression.
Paintings with subjects that are non-religious are called:
- Symbolic paintings
- Idealized paintings
- Secular paintings
The Baroque style of the 17th century is best described as:
- Building on the technical skill and beauty of the Renaissance and Mannerism, and further pushing the dramatic elements through expressive compositions and dramatic lighting.
- Building on the technical skill of the early Renaissance through balanced compositions, subjects derived from nature, and natural lighting.
Albrect Durer created three dimensional space in his prints by using the following technique:
- Line patterns.
- Balanced compositions.
- Atmospheric perspective.
In addition to Christian motifs, subject matter during the Mannerist period are inspired by:
- Ancient mythology.
- Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man.
- Giotto’s Arena Chapel.
The Baroque in France is different because:
- Artwork as well as architecture was designed for public viewing and usage, to reflect the democratic atmosphere of the country.
- Artists were creating idealized images, inspired by the ancient Roman traditions, and painted with significant attention to details.
- The royal powers of France were commissioning artists to re-create influential images from the High Renaissance in Italy.
Van Dyck’s royal portraits are different than Holbein’s Tudor portraits because:
- Van Dyck’s portraits are inspired by the technical precision of Michelangelo, while Holbein was inspired by the gestural technique of Tintoretto.
- The styles are the same because van Dyck was a painter for the English court just like Holbein.
- Van Dyck portrayed his subjects in relaxed scenes outdoors, whereas Holbein created formal portraits rich with adornment.
Vermeer’s A Maid Asleep can best be described as:
- Expressive, dramatic scene of Christian motifs.
- Royal portraiture.
- Quiet, serene image of everyday life.
In the Netherlands during the Reformation:
- Artists were traveling to Spain to study with El Greco.
- Religious commissions were being replaced with a private market and secular paintings.
- Religious imagery became more important to counter-act the challenges of the Reformation.
Caravaggio’s light is called and defined as:
- Rustication: dramatic lighting from a perceived divine source.
- Contraposto: natural outdoor light, flooding the painting with soft colors.
- Chiaroscuro: dramatic lighting from a spotlight, leaving most of the image in extreme darkness
El Greco’s painting style looks most like he was inspired by:
- Van Eyck.
Michelangelo’s Last Judgment is different than the Sistine Ceiling because:
- The composition is more complex, and the imagery is more sinister.
- The composition is more complex, and the imagery is bright and cheerful.
- The composition is more simplified, and the imagery is bright and colorful.
- The composition is more simplified, and the imagery is more sinister.
Caravaggio’s subject matter in The Calling of St. Mark is significant because:
- The Biblical story is represented in historically accurate settings, following the example of Michelangelo.
- The bright colors and light filled scenes gives his work an airy, natural feel, inspired by da Vinci.
- The Biblical story is being acted out using contemporary people and place.
ART 102 Unit 8 Quiz Latest-POST
The artists of the 20th century all have one thing in common, and that is:
The artistic style Kiefer used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Matisse used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Chicago used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Dali used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Lichtenstein used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Judd used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Kirchner used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Wood used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Lin used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Rothko used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Kandinsky used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Pollock used was called, and is defined as:
Basquiat has been identified as a significant 20th artist because:
The artistic style Mondrian used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Picasso used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Duchamp used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Hopper used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Christo and Jean Claude used was called, and is defined as:
The artistic style Boccioni used was called, and is defined as:
ART 102 Unit 3 Assignment Latest-POST
Starting in Unit 3, we start to see a growing number of artists who are really getting creative when looking for personal style and subject matter from all over Europe, and they all have so much artwork created during their careers that we don’t get to see.
This week, choose one ARTIST from Unit 3 that you think is unique in style, subject matter, or technique. Find one painting by that artist that have not been seen in the course materials, and write an essay analyzing their work.
Following the pattern of analyzing paintings from the slide show presentations, present a detailed overview of your artist’s work based on what you see. You don’t have to worry about historical documentation here! Write it as if you are in a museum with a friend, and you are describing a painting based on what you’ve learned in class! You will be able to use this assignment as content in your final presentation.
ART 102 Unit 5 Assignment Latest-POST
The artistic styles of Neoclassicism and Romanticism seem to be at polar opposites with each other for many reasons.
The best example of their differences is in the artwork of one artist: Jacques-Louis David. David is classified as the epitome of Neoclassical art.
However, his painting The Death of Marat is undeniably an example of Romanticism. Your task is to compare and contrast the Romantic style of David’s The Death of Marat with another of David’s Neoclassical paintings of your choice (you can use one from the slide presentation or search for another on your own: there are a lot out there!).
Historical data is not necessary for this essay: this is another “tell me what you see” critique, using the knowledge you have acquired in deciphering artwork in this class. You will be able to use this assignment as part of your final project.
ART 102 Unit 7 Assignment Latest-POST
Take a virtual trip to Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City! As you have already seen through the online articles, The Met has an extensive online catalog of their collections. For this week’s assignment, your job is to navigate their site and search for a piece of art in their online collection representing one of the artists or “-isms” represented in Unit 7.
Choose an art piece that we haven’t seen in this Unit already (or pieces if you want to explore more than one!), and write an essay critiquing the work based on what you have learned. This is another essay that does not require historical data: this is a search and discovery assignment.
Take plenty of time to explore the website of the museum and see how they organize their collection online for anyone to use (their website is one of the best for online access to their collection).
Pretend you are on this virtual tour with a friend, and you are talking about a piece of art you have discovered based on what you have learned in this course. Also, include in your essay your process in navigating the website, and what you thought of it. You will be able to use this assignment as part of your final project.
ART 102 Unit 8 Assignment Latest-POST
Your final assignment is to complete the curation of your online art exhibition that has artwork representing each Unit in chronological order. Using the unit outlines as a guide, organize an image presentation where each of the units are represented (at least two images per Unit). Be creative, and generate an exhibition that represents your personal tastes and what you have discovered throughout the course.
Choose two artists or artistic styles from each Unit and search for art online that you can relate to and discuss, based on how you have learned to evaluate the art in each Unit. For each image selected, write a brief appraisal, as if you were a critic. Put the facts and figures aside, and describe your personal reactions to each piece, as if you were visiting a museum with a friend and expressing your reactions based on the knowledge you have acquired.
Accompanying the image presentation, write a final paper linked to the discoveries of your presentation, with appraisals for each Unit as well as a final reflection on what you have learned, including new knowledge or discoveries.
Your rubric and grading criteria are attached. This is worth 35% of your final grade, so please ensure that all aspects are covered. Pose any question to the “Ask the Instructor” forum. The final product will include:
- Cover slide
- Sections based on era
- Images/photos of the era (one image per slide)
- Brief description of the piece
- APA citations covering any needed resources
- APA formatted reference slide(s)
2. Written document
- Cover page
- Sections linked to presentation slides
- Brief appraisal
- Personal reaction
- Reflection on what you learned; including new knowledge or discoveries
- APA formatted reference page(s)