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BUS 499 BSBA Integrative Project Full Course Latest-Trident

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BUS 499 BSBA Integrative Project Full Course Latest-Trident

BUS 499 BSBA Integrative Project Full Course Latest-Trident

BUS499

BSBA Integrative Project 

BUS 499 Module 1 Case Latest-Trident

Module 1 – Case

THE BALANCED SCORECARD & THE FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

In this module’s case assignment you will be introduced to the balanced scorecard concept and will begin to consider how organizations link strategy with the balanced scorecard approach. We will look at the interrelationship of strategy and the balanced scorecard approach in more depth later on in this course. For now, however, it is good to understand the fundamentals of the BSC and to consider examples of how organizations have integrated the BSC approach into their daily operations in a fashion that reflects the strategy of the respective organizations.

To prepare for this case assignment you are to start by reading the required readings identified on the background page. You’ll note that one of those articles includes:

Martello, M., Watson, J., & Fischer, M. (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research. 6(9), 67-80. Retrieved from http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/JBER/article/view/2471/2517

This is the case study you will be evaluating for this assignment. Note that there is an option to download the PDF file rather than using the PDF viewer on this page. This may save you some aggravation.

After reading this article, formulate an argumentative essay around the following thesis statement:

Cattaraugus County Rehabilitation Center did an effective job of implementing a balanced scorecard approach in a fashion that reflects their organizational mission and vision.

If you do not think this thesis is accurate, you can argue that the Center did not do an effective job.

Assignment Expectations

Your analysis should be structured in terms of the following four perspectives (you will be using essentially this same comparative evaluation framework for the first four modules of this course):

Introduction:

In this part of your essay you will need to set up your argument by introducing your topic and presenting your position or thesis statement somewhere in this introductory paragraph.

Analysis:

In this section you will present several arguments arguing in favor of your thesis statement. Make sure you discuss how the Center used the score card quadrants to align with organizational strategy (or how it failed to do so).

Conclusion:

Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions:

Your argumentative essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay.

All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from G. Jetson’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Jetson, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

BUS 499 Module 1 SLP Latest-Trident

Module 1 SLP

THE BALANCED SCORECARD & THE FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE

The purpose of the Session Long Project is to give you the opportunity to explore the applicability of the Module to your own life, work, and place in space and time, and to experiment with the Module to see how the otherwise academically rigorous presentation of a topic may, with more or less work and/or trauma, become “up close and personal”. This is done in a number of different ways — sometimes cumulative papers, sometimes practical hands-on experimentation with a tool of some sort, sometimes reflections on a place of work or life. The common thread is personal application, aimed at demonstrating a cumulative knowledge and understanding of the course’s material.

For this course, the Session Long Project will take the form of putting together background from each of the four perspectives for a balanced scorecard approach to an organization or organizational unit with which you are familiar. In the final module, you will have a go at strategy mapping. You’re not building a complete balanced scorecard — that would be far beyond our current scope – but you’ll have a chance to see what goes into it and how it gets put together into a coordinated whole. As in the cases, you’ll be drawing on your previous course work to help.

The Module 1 assignment has two parts. First, you need to identify an organization to which you have access to at least some information concerning financial data; staffing and human resource systems; marketing and customer relations; information systems; and operations. While most material on the Balanced Scorecard is written from the private, for-profit point of view, it’s perfectly possible to use this approach with public or non-profit organizations as well.

For the second part of this assignment, consider the organization’s mission and strategy from the perspective of its financial operations (from your work on the case, your previous course work, and your background reading, you should be reasonably clear what such operations are). In this section of the assignment you’ll begin to identify objectives and measures relevant to that perspective. If you’re unclear on just what objectives and measures are, here is a presentation that describes what they are and how to write them.

SLP Assignment Expectations

When you have thought about it and made your selection, please specify (2-3 pages):

  • The name of your organization
  • What this organization does – its mission, vision and overall strategy

The access you have to information about this organization — remember, you’ll need information about its financial performance, marketing, internal operations, strategy, and management systems.

Once you’re reasonably clear on what’s involved, think about your organization and its finances, and then:

  • Identify at least three objectives for improving the organization’s financial position, and show how they relate to the mission, vision and strategy of the organization.
  • For each objective, develop at least one meaningful performance measure (metric).
  • For each objective, identify at least one expected level of performance (target).
  • For each objective, identify at least one new action or program that needs to be developed to ensure successful implementation of the organization’s strategy (initiative).

Here’s a table that you may wish to copy and fill in:

Objective Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

BUS 499 Module 2 Case Latest-Trident

Module 2 – Case

BSC FLEXIBILITY & THE CUSTOMER PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

In the last module we looked at the Balanced Scorecard and how it is implemented from more of a purist’s approach and just touched on the flexibility of the tool. In this module, we are going to look at the BSC from more of an adaptive approach. That is to say, how adaptable is this tool given the wide variety of organizations out there in the world.

In this assignment you are asked to study the required readings and to read the following case study:

Basu, R., Little, C., & Millard, C. (2009). Case study: A fresh approach of the balanced scorecard in the Heathrow Terminal 5 project. Measuring Business Excellence. 13(4). 22-33. Retrieved from http://www.perf-ex.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/T5-case-study-MBE-papaer.pdf

After reading this article, write an essay in which you compare and contrast the balanced scorecard utilized by the British Airport Authority (BAA) at Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 5 project with the standard quadrants typically applied in a traditional BSC approach (financial focus, Internal focus, Learning and Growth focus, and Customer focus). That is to say, the Terminal 5 project was a large, public construction project using private contractors. Yet, the BSC approach is also applied to the manufacturing sector, health care sector, and is applied in both private and public organizations. So you’ll want to consider how the T5 project adapted the BSC approach to fit the prevailing circumstances to help formulate your arguments.

Assignment Expectations

In formulating your essay you need to discuss to what degree the evidence suggests the balanced scorecard approach is amenable to most organizations.

Introduction:

In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis:

In this section you will present the actual comparison and contrast between BAA’s approach to the Balanced Scorecard and more traditional approaches.

Conclusion:

Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions:

Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from F. Leghorn’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Leghorn, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

BUS 499 Module 2 SLP Latest-Trident

Module 2 – SLP

BSC FLEXIBILITY & THE CUSTOMER PERSPECTIVE

For Module 2, consider your organization’s mission and strategy from the perspective of its potential, prospective, and present customers. In this section of the assignment you’ll begin to identify objectives and measures relevant to that perspective. Refer back to this presentation on objectives if you need to.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Once you’re reasonably clear on what’s involved, think about your organization and its customers/clients/users/service recipients/whatever-you-wish-to-call-them, and then:

  • Identify at least three objectives for the organization’s customer service perspective and show how they relate to the mission, vision and strategy of the organization.
  • For each objective, develop at least one meaningful performance measure (metric).
  • For each objective, identify at least one expected level of performance (target).
  • For each objective, identify at least one new action or program that needs to be developed to ensure successful implementation of the organization’s strategy (initiative).

Comment briefly on the relationships of the customer service objectives that you’ve identified here to the financial objectives that you identified in the Module 1 SLP assignment. How do they help to fulfill those objectives? If they don’t (and they don’t have to), what makes them more important than objectives that would relate to finances?

Finally, do you wish to make any changes to your Module 1 objective write-up in light of your Module 2 experience?

Here’s a table that you may wish to copy and fill in (the boxes are expandable – take all the space you need to be complete in your descriptions. No more than 2-3 pages should be necessary.)

Objective Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

Revisions (if any) to Module 1, 2, and/or 3 Objectives
Objective/Module Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

BUS 499 Module 3 Case Latest-Trident

Module 3 – Case

BSC IMPLEMENTATION & THE INTERNAL BUSINESS PROCESS PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

Any large scale change endeavor requires a great deal of effort on the part of a given organization to implement. Implementing a corporate wide BSC based performance management system is no difference. In implementing such a system, organizational leaders face the challenge of overcoming organizational inertia rooted in resistance to change. This is no easy challenge, and is one of the major reasons why the majority of BSC initiatives (or large scale change initiatives in general) fail.

In this module, therefore, we are going to look at the BSC not due to its value as a means of integrating strategy with operations or due to its usefulness as a performance management tool. Rather, in this module we are going to put on our organizational dynamics consultant hat and consider what it takes to implement a large scale organizational change endeavor.

After completing the readings presented, write a 3-4 page essay that addresses the following issues.

In your own words, describe the efforts put forth by BAE in implementing the BSC approach in their organization from an implementation perspective. What efforts did they make to assure employees would be receptive to, and accept the BSC initiative? Describe to what extent you believe their efforts paid off.

The case study for BAE can be found in Chapter 7 of:

Murby, L., & Gould, S. (2005). Effective performance management with the balanced scorecard: Technical report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf

Assignment Expectations

Your assignment should include the following:

Introduction:

In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis:

In this section you will present the actual comparison and contrast between BAA’s approach to the Balanced Scorecard and more traditional approaches.

Conclusion:

Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions:

Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from J. Bravo’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Bravo, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

BUS 499 Module 3 SLP Latest-Trident

Module 3 – SLP

BSC IMPLEMENTATION & THE INTERNAL BUSINESS PROCESS PERSPECTIVE

For Module 3, consider the organization’s mission and strategy from the perspective of its internal business processes (from your work on the case, your previous course work, and your background reading, you should be reasonably clear what such business processes are). In this section of the assignment you’ll begin to identify objectives and measures relevant to that perspective. Refer back to this presentation on objectives if you need to.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Once you’re reasonably clear on what’s involved, think about your organization and its business processes, and then:

  • Identify at least three objectives for improving the organization’s internal business processes, and show how they relate to the mission, vision and strategy of the organization.
  • For each objective, develop at least one meaningful performance measure (metric).
  • For each objective, identify at least one expected level of performance (target).
  • For each objective, identify at least one new action or program that needs to be developed to ensure successful implementation of the organization’s strategy (initiative).

Comment briefly on the relationships of the process objectives that you’ve identified here to the finance objectives that you identified in the Module 1 SLP assignment and/or the customer service objectives that you identified in the Module 2 SLP assignment. How do they help to fulfill those objectives? If they don’t (and they don’t have to), what makes them more important than objectives that would relate to finance or customer service?

Finally, do you wish to make any changes to your Module 1 or Module 2 objective write-ups in light of your Module 3 experience?

Here’s a table that you may wish to copy and fill in (the boxes are expandable – take all the space you need to be complete in your descriptions. No more than 2-3 pages should be necessary.)

Objective Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

Revisions (if any) to Module 1, 2, and/or 3 Objectives
Objective/Module Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

BUS 499 Module 4 Case Latest-Trident

Module 4 – Case

STRATEGY MAPPING & THE LEARNING AND GROWTH PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

Explain the process of strategy mapping and how it relates to performance management and establishing value propositions. You may discuss this theoretically or use the Glacier Inn case study presented in Armitage and Scholey (2009) to serve as an example for integrating these ideas. Alternatively, you can use the Hazard Action Zone case study presented in Murby and Gold (2005) if you’d prefer.

Armitage, H., & Scholey, C. (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Society of Mgt. Accountants of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.cimaglobal.com/documents/importeddocuments/tech_mag_strategy_mapping_march07.pdf

Murby, L., & Gould, S. (2005). Effective performance management with the balanced scorecard: Technical report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from: http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf

Assignment Expectations

Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages long and include the following:

Introduction:

In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis:

In this section you will present several arguments in favor of your thesis statement. Discuss how either Glacier Inn or Hazard Action Zone effectively used strategic mapping (or how they failed to do so).

Conclusion:

Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions:

Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from J. Neutron’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Neutron, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

BUS 499 Module 4 SLP Latest-Trident

Module 4 – SLP

STRATEGY MAPPING & THE LEARNING AND GROWTH PERSPECTIVE

For Module 4, consider your organization’s mission and strategy from the perspective of its learning and growth (from your work on the case, your previous course work, and your background reading, you should be reasonably clear what such activities are). In this section of the assignment you’ll begin to identify objectives and measures relevant to that perspective. Refer back to this presentation on objectives if you need to.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Once you’re reasonably clear on what’s involved, think about your organization and its learning and growth processes, and then:

  • Identify at least three objectives for improving the organization’s learning and growth, and show how they relate to the mission, vision and strategy of the organization.
  • For each objective, develop at least one meaningful performance measure (metric).
  • For each objective, identify at least one expected level of performance (target).
  • For each objective, identify at least one new action or program that needs to be developed to ensure successful implementation of the organization’s strategy (initiative).

Comment briefly on the relationships of the learning and growth objectives that you’ve identified here to the financial objectives that you identified in the Module 1 SLP assignment, the customer service objectives you identified in Module 2, and/or the internal business process objectives you identified in Module 3. How do they help to fulfill those objectives? If they don’t (and they don’t have to), what makes them more important than objectives that would relate to customer service, business processes, or financial operations?

Finally, do you wish to make any changes to your Module 1, 2, or 3 objective write-ups in light of your Module 4 experience?

Here’s a table that you may wish to copy and fill in (the boxes are expandable – take all the space you need to be complete in your descriptions. No more than 2-3 pages should be necessary.)

Objective Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

Revisions (if any) to Module 1, 2, and/or 3 Objectives
Objective/Module Measure Target Action
Relationships to other objectives

 

BUS 499 Module 1 Discussion Latest-Trident

Financial Perspective

The material in this module tells us that many companies place disproportionate emphasis on the financial perspective at the expense of the other three perspectives.

Give an example of an organization you are familiar with from previous coursework, the news, or personal experience in which this has been the case. What were the results of this focus on the financial perspective on customers and other stakeholders? Be as specific as you can and give concrete examples.

[This Discussion is designed for you to respond to the above question/topic during the first week of the module. During the second week of the module, please read through responses by peers, and post two responses addressing some of the shared ideas. Please bring in new ideas/comments and research that haven’t been mentioned yet. An “A” grade needs at least three strong entries with at least one of them supported by research, with the source cited.]

BUS 499 Module 2 Discussion Latest-Trident

Who Are Customers

Can you think of any organizations that do not have relevant “customers” to take into consideration? If there are such organizations, how are they different from other organizations where all parts of the BSC operate equally?

Please note that you need to have at least three posts in this discussion forum.

BUS 499 Module 3 Discussion Latest-Trident

Business Process Perspective

Organizations are complex systems with multiple stakeholders. Sometimes the interests of various stakeholders can conflict.

For your initial post to this discussion, please give an example of a business process where the interests of two (or more) stakeholders are in opposition.

For your second and third posting, choose an example of such a conflict posted by another student, and suggest a way that the business process can be changed so that the interests of the stakeholders can be brought into sync.

Please note that you need to have at least three posts in this discussion forum.

BUS 499 Module 4 Discussion Latest-Trident

Learning and Growth Perspective

The home page of this module identifies several measures of the learning and growth perspective, such as

  • Real-time availability of accurate customer and internal process information to front-line employees
  • Ability to launch new products
  • Ability to create more value for customers
  • Ability to penetrate new markets
  • Alignment of employee incentives with overall organizational success factors
  • Rates of improvement in critical customer-based and internal processes

Consideration of these measures reveals that it can be difficult to quantify these factors. For your first posting in this Discussion, identify one specific example of a measure of learning and growth measure that you feel could be critical to an organization, but difficult to measure. For your second and third posting, choose another student’s measure and propose a metric that could be used to quantify it.

Please note that you need to have at least three posts in this Discussion forum.

BUS 499 Module 4 Reflective Discussion Latest-Trident

Please take some time to reflect back on what you have learned in this session.

Please note that you only need to post once in this discussion forum.