ECO 450 WEEK 5 MIDTERM EXAM
1. On average, persons in the United States devote more of their annual budgets to taxes than they do to food.
2. A universally observed function of government is the establishment of property rights.
3. The total share of GDP accounted for by government spending in the United States has declined significantly since 1980.
4. In 1929, the federal government spent more than was spent by state and local governments.
5. Since 1930, the percent of GDP devoted to government expenditures has more than tripled.
6. The costs imposed by government regulations on business firms are included in budget data on government expenditures.
7. Government consumption does not require resources to be reallocated from private to government use.
8. Since 1959, the percent of federal government expenditures devoted to transfers has increased by more than 50 percent.
9. Transfer payments, including Social Security and welfare and medical assistance, account for nearly 60 percent of federal government expenditures.
10. Interest on the federal government’s debt accounts for about 20 percent of federal government expenditure.
11. Federal grants-in-aid to state and local governments finance about 20 percent of annual spending by these governments.
12. The federal government allocates about 10 percent of its budget to Social Security.
13. State and local governments in the United States spend a bit more than one-third of their budgets on education.
14. Sales taxes account for about 22 percent of state and local government revenue in the United States.
15. The federal government obtains about half of its revenue annually from retail sales taxes.
16. State governments do not fund any part of Medicaid.
17. The social compact is an 18th century idea by political theorists.
18. The proportion of revenue received by the federal government from payroll taxes is higher than the proportion of revenue received by state and local governments from payroll taxes.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The real cost of government goods and services is:
c. the private goods and services foregone.
2. If the economy is currently operating on a point on the production possibility curve for government goods and services versus private goods and services,
a. an annual increase in government goods and services can be obtained without any sacrifice of annual private goods and services.
b. it will be impossible to increase annual output of government goods and services.
c. a decrease in the annual output of government goods and services will have no effect on the annual output of private goods and services.
d. a decrease in the annual output of government goods and services will allow an increase in annual output of private goods and services.
3. Government goods and services are usually:
a. not rationed by prices.
b. sold in markets.
c. made available to persons according to their willingness and ability to pay.
d. financed by revenue obtained from sales.
a. are prices paid for the right to consume government goods and services.
b. are compulsory payments not directly related to the benefits received from government goods and services.
c. never affect economic incentives.
d. are used by private firms to raise revenue.
5. A mixed economy is one in which:
a. there are no markets.
b. government activity accounts for a significant proportion of the value of goods and services produced.
c. there is no government.
d. all goods and services are sold in markets.
6. Government purchases for consumption and investment:
a. are made to acquire resources necessary to produce government goods and services.
b. are designed to redistribute purchasing power among citizens.
c. have increased in importance as a percent of federal spending since 1959.
d. do not withdraw resources from private use.
7. Transfer payments by the federal government in theUnited States account for about:
a. 25 percent of federal government expenditures.
b. 10 percent of federal government expenditures.
c. 40 percent of GDP.
d. 60 percent of federal government expenditures.
8. Total annual expenditures by federal, state, and local governments in the United States in the 1990s accounted for roughly:
a. 20 percent of annual GDP.
b. 30 percent of annual GDP.
c. 50 percent of annual GDP.
d. 75 percent of annual GDP.
9. Federal government expenditures in the United States account for about:
a. 23 percent of annual GDP.
b. 33 percent of annual GDP.
c. 43 percent of annual GDP.
d. 53 percent of annual GDP.
10. About 80 percent of federal receipts are accounted for by:
a. corporate profits taxes.
b. sales taxes.
c. excise taxes.
d. payroll and personal income taxes.
11. If the economy is operating at full employment and using resources efficiently, then an increase in spending for homeland security this year will:
a. require that resources be reallocated to homeland security services without sacrificing any alternative goods and services.
b. be possible if resources are reallocated to homeland security services, but it will also mean that the output of some other goods and services will have to fall.
c. be impossible.
d. be possible only if there is an improvement in technology or more resources made available.
12. Which of the following is an example of a political institution?
a. a market
b. elections with winners determined by majority rule
c. representative government
d. both (b) and (c)
13. Nonmarket rationing means that:
a. those willing to pay can buy as much of a product as they choose.
b. prices are used to sell products.
c. goods and services are not rationed by prices.
d. willingness to pay is not a factor in determining who can enjoy a good or service.
e. both (c) and (d)
14. The U.S. economy is best characterized as a:
a. pure market economy.
b. socialist economy.
c. pure capitalistic, free-enterprise system.
d. mixed economy.
15. State and local government expenditure in the United States accounts for about:
a. 32 percent of GDP.
b. 22 percent of GDP.
c. 12 percent of GDP.
d. 7 percent of GDP.
16. Following the circular flow of a mixed economy, firms receive a flow of dollars from and send goods and services to:
a. Output Markets.
b. Input Markets.
17. Following the circular flow of a mixed economy, which entity or entities distribute resources?
a. Firms only.
b. Input Markets only.
c. Government and Households.
d. Households and Input Markets.
18. When has the U.S. experienced government expenditures in the range of 40% to 50% of GDP?
a. 2000 to 2009.
b. 1950 to 1959.
c. 1940 to 1949.
d. It has never happened.
19. In 2008, which country listed below has the highest percentage of government spending relative to GDP?
20. The old-age dependency ratio is:
a. the proportion of the population that is 60 years or older over the proportion of the population that is less than 60 years of age.
b. the proportion of the population that is 65 years or older over the proportion of the population that is 15 to 64 years of age.
c. the proportion of the population that is 70 years or older over the proportion of the population that is 20 to 69 years of age.
d. the total government expenditure on programs for the elderly over the number of citizens that are 65 years or older.
1. The normative approach to public finance prescribes certain actions to achieve predetermined criteria.
2. Positive economic analysis is based on underlying value judgments.
3. “The government should abolish tariffs to achieve efficiency” is a normative statement.
4. It is possible for efficiency not to be attained even if all production is carried on without waste.
5. Efficiency is attained when resources are used each year in such a way that no further net gain is possible.
More Questions are Included