GED 130 California Coast Final Exam Latest
GED 130 California Coast Final Exam Latest
Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. Bartholomeu Dlas failed to complete a sea voyage to India because _
- he died of malaria after rounding the Cape of Good Hope
- he miscalculated the distance and ended up in the New World
- his sailors insisted on returning home
- he was attacked by pirates in the Mediterranean Sea
2. What unusual title did Isabella; a woman, insist on being called as ruler of Castile?
- b. prince
- great mother
3. Which man finally accomplished what Columbus set out and failed to do?
- Ferdinand Magellan
- Bartholomeu Dfas
- Pedro Alvares Cabral
- Vasco da Gama
4. Portugal established a trading post in China at ‘
5. The two viceroyalties in Spanish America prior to 1717 were _
- California and Mexico
- Louisiana and Peru
- Peru and New Spain
- New Spain and Argentina
6. The most important Catholic sacraments were baptism, the Eucharist, and ‘
- last rites
7. Which of these explains the popularity among nobles of Luther’s Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation?
- It called for German nobles to seize Church property.
- It called for adherence to the Catholic Church.
- It justified the Peasants’ Revolt.
- It asserted that those of high birth are more likely to be saved.
8. Which man spread Calvinist doctrine to Scotland?
- John Wyclif
- Huldrych Zwingli
- Thomas Cranmer
- John Knox
9. Which monarch was Protestant?
- Queen Mary of England
- Catherine de Medicis
- King Philip II of Spain
- Queen Elizabeth of England
10. Why was Catholicism more successful than Protestantism in spreading around the world?
- the influence of the Spanish and Portuguese empires
- the lack of competition from monotheistic rei igions
- the lack of the missionary impulse among Protestants
- the preference of Muslims for converting to Catholicism rather than Protestantism
11. Oda Nobunaga began but did not complete the process of ‘
- restoring the authority of the emperor
- unifying Japan
- destroying the daimyo class
- establishing the shogunate
12. Who exercised real power in Japan in the 1600s?
- the shogun
- the daimyo
- the samurai
- the emperor
13. Who were the geisha in Japan?
- samurai wives
- b . si ngers, dancers, and courtesans
- concubines of the emperor
- women of the daimyo class
14. Around 1550, European incursions into mainland Asia were _
- under Japanese control
- growing rapidly
- controlled by China
15. As a result of the Manchu decline, who gained a foothold in Vietnam?
16. When did Portuguese explorers first reach India?
17. Which of these made it so difficult for South and Southeast Asians to understand the motives of the Europeans they dealt with?
- The European religions were so different from the local religions.
- The motives of various European groups were so sharply varied.
- European commercial practices were hard for Indians and Southeast Asians to understand.
- The European interest in trade was hard to understand for devout Muslims and Hindus.
18. In the face of European encroachment in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, rivalry between Muslims and Hindus in India _
- made India vulnerable
- led to a Buddhist resurgence
- led to a new religious synthesis
19. In which of these efforts was Nadir Shah successful?
- reconciling Shi’ite and Sunni Muslims under his rule
- ending Mughal rule of all India
- establishing a lasting dynasty
- bringing stability to Persia
20. What was the status of the Ottoman Empire in the 1800s?
- modernized and revived
- weakened and challenged by reform movements’
- torn by Wahhabism and economically weak
- divided but modernized
21. What was Ibn Khaldun’s assessment of African slavery?
- Slavery was an evil institution that should be resisted by any means necessary.
- Black people accepted slavery because they had a low degree of humanity.
- Since black people comprised the majority in Africa, they should rebel and then enslave white people.
- Slavery was ordained by God as a way to keep social order.
22. What percentage of all slaves shipped across the Atlantic from Africa went to what is now the United States?
- almost 50 percent
- about 10 percent .
- almost 70 percent
- less than 5 percent
23. The Songhai Empire was established after the decline of _
24. Afonso I came to regret his Portuguese connection after he saw the disastrous results of
- slave trading
- the break with Islamic traders
- the Crusades
25. “Mwene Mutapa” means _
- master conqueror
- slave owner
- greatest ki ng
- runaway slave
26. Who was the chief minister during the childhood reign of Louis XIV?
- the Queen Mother
- Pope Pius IV
- Cardinal Richelieu
- Cardinal Mazarin
27. Where was Prussia located?
- in the center of the Holy Roman Empire
- along the Baltic Sea
- between Austria and Hungary
- just north of Italy
28. What constituted the Eleven Years’ Tyranny under Charles I?
- royal support for Anglicanism
- the suspension of common law
- royal rule without Parliament
- the suspension of justice
29. Who came to the throne in the Glorious Revolution?
- Charles I
- Charles II
- James II
- William and Mary
30. Who wrote Discourse on Method?
- Rene Descartes
- John Locke
- Thomas Hobbes
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau
31. Mongol rule in Russia was typified by _
- indirect, tolerant rule
- strong direct control
- harsh oppression
- religious toleration, under tight political control
32. Filofei promoted the idea of Moscow as the _
- center of Asian commerce
- commercial hub of. Rome
- Third Rome
- greatest European military power
33. Which of these chose the first Romanovs tsar?
- a coalition of boyars
- the Zemskii Sobor
- the Cossacks
- the Patriarch of Moscow
34. Russians generally referred to all Europeans as __ ~_
35. The “Potemkin villages” were located _
- along the border with Poland
- in lands taken from the Ottomans
- in the marshes of St. Petersburg
- in Siberia
36. According to John Locke, from whom do governments get their power?
- people they rule
- royal families
37. The two names of the Seven Years’ War reflect the war’s _
- geographic scope
- unusually high death toll
- focus on commercial routes
- origins in Asia
38. Representing 98 percent of the population, the Third Estate was given what proportion of votes in the Estates General?
39. During the French Revolution, wearing long trousers, instead of breeches, showed support for
- the nobility
- the military
- the war effort
40. Saint-Domingue is today known as _
- Puerto Rico
41. Who are the proletariat?
- a group of land-owning nobles
- factory owners
- farmers and sharecroppers
- landless workers
42. Where was the Exhibition of the Works of I ndustry of All Nations held in 1851?
43. The political labels “left” and “right” derived from seating in ‘
- the Congress of Vienna
- the French National Assembly
- the British Parliament
- Russian Duma
44. Like nationalism, Romanticism was _
- a political movement
- a strong unifying political force
- a rejection of the Enlightenment
- dedicated to reason
45. in Britain, the Reform Act of 1867 _
- allowed working-class men to vote
- established female suffrage
- reduced the workweek to five days
- abolished slavery
46. The name given to Spanish colonists born in the Americas was _
47. What were the juntas?
- rebel groups supporting Napoleon
- pan-American congresses organized to put down the revolutions
- provisional governments ruling in the name of Carlos IV
- meetings of loyalists intending to free Carlos IV
48. By 1825, _
- most of Latin America was independent
- all of Latin America was independent
- only Mexico was independent
- Mexico was still part of Spain
49. Like Santa Anna, Porfirio Diaz was a _
- Zapotec Indian
50. The last Latin American nation to permit slavery was _
5l. “Coolies” was a disparaging term used for poor _
- Japanese workers sent abroad
- Chinese workers sent abroad
- Vietnamese workers sent abroad
- European workers sent abroad
52. Japan agreed to open ports to American trade because _
- the samurai insisted on trade with American merchants
- Japan’s isolationist policies were destroying the economy
- the Americans had military and navy technology that Japan lacked
- China was already trading with the United States, and Japan was afraid of falling behind
53. Which Asian country most closely emulated Western customs and adopted Western practices?
54. The largest of the Ryukyu Islands is _
- Iwo Jima
55. How did the reign of the last Chinese emperor end?
- with Puyi’s abdication
- with Empress Dowager Cixi’s death
- in the assassination of the last emperor
- with the election of Yuan Shikai
56. Around 1800, which of these ruled most of North Africa?
- the Egyptian Fatimids
- the Ottoman Empire
- the British Empire
57. What was the status of Egypt in the late 1800s?
- an independent nation under a sultan
- an autonomous part of the Ottoman Empire
- under the direct authority of the Ottoman sultan
- under British rule, though nominally independent
58. Which of the Barbary States was fully independent in the early 1800s?
59. The Sokoto Caliphate arose in the interior of ~
- North Africa
- West Africa
- South Africa
- Central Africa
60. The creation of quinine was revolutionary in the treatment and prevention of .
61. Which of these nations remained neutral in World War I?
62. Which of these describes the Diplomatic Revolution of 1890-1907?
- Germany dominated European diplomacy.
- Six nations of Europe formed alliances in a dangerous equilibrium of power.
- Russia grew stronger, forcing a shift in European diplomacy.
- The disappearance of the Ottoman Empire threw European powers into conflict.
63. Which nation brought submarines onto the naval front in World War I?
- the United States
64. The United States entered World War I primarily because of .
- defensive alliances with Britain and France
- unrestricted submarine warfare and the Zimmermann Note
- the Zimmermann Note and imperialism
- the Lend Lease Act
65. Bulgaria’s surrender had the effect of ~
- strengthening Germany’s southern defenses
- weakening the Allies
- making Germany vulnerable to the Allies via a new front
- crippling Russia
66. According to Freud, absolute moral standards could not exist because .
- people are driven by unconscious instincts
- people behave according to the influences of the environment
- there is no god
- people could never meet such high standards
67. After World War I, public sentiment in the United States favored _
- active participation in the League of Nations
- creation of a new international league to replace the League of Nations
68. The Great Depression came to an end because of _
- the election of Herbert Hoover
- the reopening of banks
- World War II
- the risi ng stock market
69. Which phrase best describes Kristallnacht?
- Hitler’s population growth program
- a division of the Hitler Youth organization
- a brief battle with the communists in Berlin
- an attack on Jewish businesses and homes
70. Who was the first president of the Congo?
- Joseph Kasa Vubu
- Simon Kimbangu
- Marcus Garvey
- Leopold Senghor
7l. Which countries supported Franco in the Spanish Civil War?
- Britain and France
- Portugal and Holland
- Belgium and Portugal
- Germany and Italy
72. Chamberlain boasted of finally achieving “peace in our time” after _
- the signing of the Versailles Treaty
- the Paris Peace Conference
- concluding the Munich Treaty
- the D-day invasion
73. Which of these remained neutral in World War II?
- Vichy France
74. The Japanese, during World War II, claimed to be acting to _
- spread democracy
- combat Communism
- rid Asia of Western imperialists
- bring peace to Asia
75. Rommel’s defeat in Africa was largely due to _
- Hitler’s failure to send reinforcements requested by Rommel
- superior British and American resources
- lack of military planning
- incompetent strategy
76. Which of these countries had the most success in evacuating its Jewish population to safety?
77. The Cold War was an ideological conflict between Communism and _
- capital ism
78. In the context of fighting in World War II, the Allies’ position at the Potsdam conference, compared to the Yalta conference, can be characterized as _
79. Who was Patrice Lumumba, and why did the United States oppose him?
- He was the leader of Egypt, and he was sympathetic to Khrushchev.
- He was the president of the Congo, and he was supported by the USSR.
- He was the leader of Czechoslovakia, and he was a Communist.
- He was the leader of the EU, and he wanted to allow membership to Communist nations.
80. The purpose of the Common Market was to allow Western European countries to _
- contain Communism
- crush anti-Communist rebellions
- counter the effects of the Marshall Plan
- compete on a global level
81. In the Soviet Union, which of these compared favorably with conditions in the United States?
- products available to consumers
- civil liberties
- opportunities for women
- economic opportunity for entrepreneurs
82. During which year did many Eastern European nations overthrow Communist governments and adopt democracy?
83. Why did the Muslim League initially oppose Indian independence?
- Independence would weaken the economic power of Muslims in India.
- Any Indian state would have a Hindu majority.
- Independence would bring conflict with Burma.
- Gandhi’s plan for independence involved a secular state.
84. Which of these was the third nation created in 1971 on the Indian subcontinent?
85. What was the state of civil conflict in China in 1945?
- The Communists were the clear winners in the civil conflict.
- The country was divided between Nationalists and Communists.
- The Soviets had assured the victory of the Nationalists.
- A truce ended the conflict, giving dominance to the Nationalists.
86. Beginning in the 1950s, Korea was split into two halves, the division being based on
- political ideology
- historical differences
- the results of World War II
- religious differences
87. Who was responsible for the Cambodian genocide?
- the People’s Republic of Kampuchea
- Vietnamese rule
- the Khmer Rouge
- Ho Chi Minh
88. Vietnam was reunified with a Communist victory in _
89. By 1900, Argentina had linked to the global economy primarily by _
- encouraging tax-free investments
- exporting agricultural products
- exporting inexpensive manufactured goods
- providing inexpensive labor to industrialized nations
90. Which two Latin American nations played the most significant roles in World War II?
- Chile and Argentina
- Mexico and Brazil
- Chile and Brazil
- Argentina and Brazil
91. The Good Neighbor Policy represented a _
- policyof economic sanctions
- move away from interference in Latin American internal affairs
- shift to gunboat diplomacy
- move toward deeper involvement in Latin American politics
92. Brazil’s greatest national celebrity from the late 1950s to today is Pele, who won fame as a
- mayor of Rio de Janeiro
- wealthy industrialist
- movie star
- soccer player
93. Which statement best describes the Pinochet regime?
- It was a popular democratic Argentine government.
- It was a violent and oppressive Ch i lean government.
- It was a left-wing regime in Brazil.
- It ended with a violent revolution.
94. In Brazil, higher education is reserved to a tiny minority, with what effect?
- The country has experienced a “brain drain.”
- Industrialization has been slow in Brazil.
- Social mobility is severely curtailed.
- High-tech companies tend not to thrive in the country.
95. What was the purpose of the meeting called by Charles de Gaulle at Brazzaville in 1944?
- to discuss autonomy in areas under French rule
- to raise troops for World War II
- to announce immediate decolonization
- to demand greater French authority over its African colonies
96. De Gaulle believed that Algeria should be granted independence because .
- Muslim resistance was too great
- he believed that colonial holdings were no longer necessary
- he believed that the cost of maintaining the African territories was too great
- Algeria helped France in World War I and World War II
97. After apartheid, the first black African president of South Africa was _
- Daniel Malan
- Nelson Mandela
- Oliver Tambo
- Kenneth Kaunda
98. The assassination of King Abdullah of Jordan showed that it was dangerous for Middle Eastern leaders to _
- support radicals
- make their positions clear
- show moderation
- wage war on Egypt
99. Islamic reformism was especially opposed to _
- Islamic modernism
- Islamic revival
- traditional Islam
100. Which country became the most powerful Persian Gulf nation as a result of the toppling of Saddam Hussein’s government?
- United Arab Emirates
- Saudi Arabia